Even though liquor prohibition has been in force in the state of Gujarat in the country since 1961, its meaningful results have not been revealed even today.
There is a continuous increase in the number of alcohol drinkers and the trend of women is also increasing rapidly.
In the last five years, the percentage of women drinking in the state has doubled. However, the percentage of men drinking alcohol has decreased by 50 percent during this period.
Shocking disclosure in NFHS survey
The survey report of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for the year 2019-20 reveals the increasing trend of alcoholism of women in Gujarat.
According to the report, 33,343 women and 5,351 men were included in the survey. In this, 0.6 percent i.e. 200 women and 5.8 percent i.e. 310 men claimed that they are consuming alcohol continuously. This is shocking.
This was the position of women in the 2015 survey
The 2015 survey of NFHS included 22,932 women and 6,018 men.
During that time, 0.3 percent ie 68 women and 11.1 percent ie 668 men admitted to having consumed alcohol.
If this data is compared to 2020, then the percentage of women who drink alcohol has doubled and the percentage of men has decreased by 50 percent. In such a situation, it is being linked to modernity.
Interest in alcohol consumption increased rapidly in urban women
According to the report, in the 2015 survey, 0.1 percent of urban women consumed alcohol, but in 2020 the number has increased to 0.3 percent. It is evident that in urban women, the consumption of alcohol has increased rapidly.
The number of men drinking alcohol decreased by 4.6 percent
According to the report, in 2015, the number of men drinking alcohol in Gujarat was 10.6 percent, which decreased to 4.6 percent in 2020.
Similarly, in 2015, the number of women drinking alcohol in rural areas was 0.4 percent, which has increased to 0.8 percent in 2020.
Similarly, in 2015, 11.4 percent of the rural men consumed alcohol, but in 2020 the number has come down to 6.8 percent.
Many communities have roots in the hobby of alcohol – Jani
Sociologist Gaurang Jani says that in many communities of the state, the hobby of alcohol has accumulated its roots.
Drinking is a custom in these communities, where men and women sit together and spill jams. The tribal population of the state is a prime example of this.
Alcoholism has been in the state for half a century. In such a situation, the practice of alcohol in these communities has been going on for a long time and it is a big challenge to stop it.
People do not speak openly due to fear – police officers
According to a senior IPS officer, the number of surveys is not entirely accurate. The number of alcohol drinkers in the state may be even more.
He said that alcohol consumption is a crime in the state due to alcoholism. In such a situation, people do not accept the consumption of alcohol in the survey due to fear of action. The actual number of alcohol addicts in the state can be revealed only by the permit holders and police action.